(Exhibition text in English, referring to a QR code in the exhibition)

The smoking bachelorette wearing make-up is a protest against the traditional female ideal. She is perceived by many as unwomanly and decadent. Long trousers, ties and short hair are symbols of equality, cigarettes of independence and liberation.

During the First World War, the need for female labour increases. By working in offices, factories, health care or agriculture women keep society going. Earning money, living on their own and standing on their own two feet provides a sense of freedom that many women do not want to give up once the war is over.


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